Mental Health System, an Introduction
Mental health may be defined as a state of well-being in which
a person realizes his or her own abilities, can work productively, can collaborate with other people and is able to make a contribution to his or her community
(WHO, 2005a). This definition, promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO) is a positive definition of mental health, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Like other health conditions, mental health and mental disorders are linked to multiple factors: biological, sociological and psychological, which are themselves interlinked. There are specific vulnerabilities associated with indicators of poverty, low levels of education and low income. Mental Health can be by affected by policies and practices in domains such as housing, education and childcare. While mental disorders increase the risk of physical diseases, and contribute to unintentional and intentional injury, many health conditions increase the risk of mental disorders and comorbidity complicates help-seeking, diagnosis and treatment and also influences prognosis (Prince et al., 2007). Generally, persons with mental health disorders face many difficulties then accessing mental health care. There are different problematic ways of dealing with severe mental health conditions within health systems and these can be summarized as follows:
- A considerable number of persons with severe mental disorder do not receive any medical or psychosocial help as it lacks in the mental health care system.
- Some of these persons are subject to compulsory treatments involving violence, long-term segregation and/or human rights violation.
- Some of them can only access services which are not adequate or equipped with the necessary knowledge, sufficient experience and/or adequate technologies to meet their care needs.